Documented success in an assortment of progressively more sensitive and complex construction and engineering supervisory leadership and managerial positions in both operational and supporting functions, from direct supervision of construction site operations to the executive office; from small project teams to large, diverse organizations. Six years international work between 1976-2007, including Project Controls Manager and Deputy Program General Manager of Restore Iraqi Oil. Served in management and technical disaster recovery contractor positions for Hurricanes Katrina and Wilma.
Senior Instructor Team Leader at the U.S. Army Engineer School, 1984-86, involving comprehensive revamp and delivery of a professional course of over 700 contact-hours--scenario-driven and highly integrated--in leadership, personal fitness, engineering, construction management, and military tactics. Since 1996, developed and delivered a wide range of higher education, post-baccalaureate professional, and industry training courses, including about 20 two- and four-day management and technical seminars. Director of an accredited Construction Management program whose student competitive teams repeatedly won national accolades, 2003-05. Since 1995, developed and delivered baccalaureate construction courses in methods and materials, equipment management, soils, specifications and contracts, cost estimating, scheduling, project management, site planning, cost engineering, organization productivity, and in business law; developed baccalaureate disaster restoration and reconstruction management courses. Taught graduate courses or lectured in academic writing, research design, and logistical management. Part-time consultant for Purdue's Technical assistance Program to help Indiana businesses.
Served in active Army Engineer troop unit leadership roles, 1976-78 (construction and combat heavy), 1979-82 (air assault combat), and 1988-90 (combat and equipment support--largest and most diverse active engineer battalion).
Coordinated Pentagon Army Staff actions about requirements and priorities enabling decision-making for U.S. Army weapon systems R&D and Procurement programs, 1986-88. Inspected sites and coordinated and recommended actions for NATO (Turkey) logistical-engineer facilities O&M and construction programs, 1990-92. Deputy District Engineer and Deputy Commander of an Army Engineer District of 900 federal employees, $105 million budget, serving the Cumberland and Tennessee River valleys: mainly directed support activities (contracting, human resources, logistics, resource management, internal review, information management, value engineering, safety, public affairs, and equal employment opportunity); routinely inspected O&M performance at hydropower, natural resources, and lock projects, 1992-95.
Subject Matter Expert to the Associate Boards of AACE-International, 2007-08. Coordinated reciprocity with RICS. Coordinated and reviewed many AACE technical publications and the on-line distance learning program via ConstructNET. Separately edited AACE-International Professional Practice Guide (PPG) #14 Portfolio and Program Management; authored Recommended Practice (RP) #15R-81 Profitability Methods; contributed to RPs #24R-03 Developing Activity Logic and #30R-03 Implementing Project Constructability.
Authored Disaster Recovery Project Management: Bringing Order from Chaos (Purdue U. Press, 2011); co-authored Introduction to Engineering Construction Inspection (Wiley & Sons, 2004); and co-edited and authored chapters in Construction Site Planning and Logistical Operations: Site-Focused Management for Builders (Purdue U. Press, 2015). Authored Recovery Planning for Critical Pandemic-Associated Built Infrastructure, a chapter in Pandemic Planning (CRC, 2012). Co-edited Proceedings of the 10th International Conference for the International Institute for Infrastructure Resilience and Reconstruction: Collaboration for Effective Disaster Mitigation and Response (Purdue Scholarly Publishing, 2014).
Specialties: Disaster recovery management; geotechnical engineering; construction equipment management; explosives engineering; instructional program management; economic and cost analysis; engineered construction inspection. Hired as consultant or deposed as expert for construction cost; U.S. Government and commercial construction contracting procedures; equipment maintenance management; concrete distress, site drainage, Americans with Disabilities Act Accessibility Guidelines; and forensic geotechnical engineering. Serving as a part-time consultant to the Purdue Technical Assistance Program (TAP, for Indiana businesses and organizations).
- D.Mgt, Doctor of Management. Webster University, 2002. Dissertation: Comparison of Project Manager and Top Manager Perceptions of Emerging Executive Knowledge Required in Construction Firms.
- U.S. Army Command & General Staff Officer Course, Honor Graduate, 1988.
M.S., Master of Science, Civil Engineering. University of Missouri--Rolla, MO, 1983. Concentrations in construction management and geotechnical construction engineering.
B.S., Bachelor of Science, Engineering Sciences. U.S. Military Academy, West Point, NY, 1975. Comprehensive general education with concentrations in nuclear engineering, math, German, and physics.
Other Professional Education
2017. AnyLogic Simulation Instruction, 3 days, at Purdue.
2015. Structural Drying Academy, 1 day, at Indianapolis.
2010. Certified Restoration Technician Course, 4 days. Restoration Industry Association at Unsmoke, McKee’s Rock, PA.
2010. Personal Property Contents Processing Course, 3 days. Restoration Industry Association at Chicago Conservation Center.
2009. Structural Drying Course, 3 days. American Drying Institute.
2009. Debris Management Planning Course, 4 days, and All-Hazards Higher Education Conference, 4 days. FEMA Emergency Management Institute, Emmitsburg, MD.
2008-14. Assorted restoration presentations and discussions at Restoration Industry Association (RIA) and Connections conferences and meetings.
2008. American National Standards Institute (ANSI) Personnel Certification Accreditation (ISO 17024) Course, 2 days.
1999. FEMA Multi-hazard Building Design Summer Institute, 2 weeks. Related to mitigation of damage due to flooding and earthquakes.
1994. Total Quality Management Program Implementation for Executives, 40 hours, to learn the costs and benefits of TQM program implementation, and implementation parameters for long term success.
1994. Hazardous and Toxic Waste Management, 5 days, to learn regulations and procedures for disposing of such environmental threats.
1994. Environmental Laws and Regulations Course, 4 days, to familiarize with the complex system of federal laws relating to the environment.
1993. Federal Employee Supervisor Course, 32 hours, to learn personnel regulations for proper administration by which to supervise federal sector employees.
1992. Engineer District Commanders Course, 1 month, to gain a working knowledge of the legal perspectives essential for the broadest federal contracting management duties in Army Corps of Engineers district offices.
1991. U.S. Army War College Defense Strategies Course, 3 semester-hours, distance studies to develop a working knowledge of the political, economic, social, and military factors affecting a competitive national military strategy.
1990. Department of Defense Language School (Monterey, CA), 3 months, to develop a working knowledge of the Turkish language and customs.
1988. Army Command and General Staff Officers Course, 2 years, extensive distance learning studies to enhance knowledge of management and operational planning and implementation techniques for large military organizations.
1987. Operations Research and Systems Analysis, 4 days, to re-familiarize with the capabilities and constraints of applying ORSA techniques to decision optimization.
1984. Army Engineer Officer Advanced Course Team Leader Training Course, 7 weeks, to prepare to facilitate and instruct 12-officer teams of Engineer captains for 14 weeks in leadership (including communication skills), training methodologies, operational planning techniques, construction management, civil engineering design, and logistical and personnel management and administration.
1983. Geotechnical Grouting Short Course (University of Missouri Rolla), 4 days, to gain a working knowledge of techniques and effectiveness of chemical, bentonite, and cement grouting of foundations of dams, buildings, and other structures.
1983. Licensed Professional Civil Engineer (PE), Virginia, #13897.
1993-95. U.S. Government Contracting Warrant, unlimited obligation authority.
1997-2013. Certified Cost Engineer (CCE), AACE-I, #1667.
2001-2013. Certified Professional Constructor (CPC), AIC, #1601.
2013. Certified Cost Professional (CCP), AACE-I, #1667.
IICRC Appreciation Award for Service as Director on their industry Board of Directors, 2014-16.
Restoration Industry Association Certificate of Appreciation for three years of donated work on Certified Restorer Body of Knowledge Redevelopment Committee, 2014.
Kellogg, Brown and Root Maximizing Value-Added Performance (MVP) Award. For demobilizing the KBR Oil Program within threatening conditions in Iraq, 2007.
AACE-International Brian D. Dunfield Educational Service Award, 2005.
Plaque from Associated Schools of Construction-Associated General Contractors 2004 Commercial Construction National Champion student team in appreciation for coaching and mentoring at Milwaukee School of Engineering.
Certificate from student Greek Council, Milwaukee School of Engineering, for support of unplanned student activities on September 11, 2001.
Legion of Merit, U.S. Army, for leadership of construction and engineering support functions at U.S. Army Engineer District Nashville, TN, upon retirement, 1992-1995.
Certificates of Appreciation from the Governors of Kentucky and Tennessee, and the mayor of Nashville, TN, for accomplishments while serving at U.S. Army Engineer District Nashville, 1992 95.
Southwest Asia Service Medal, for service in Turkey during and after the Persian Gulf War within threatening conditions, 1991.
Honor Graduate, U.S. Army Command and General Staff Officers Course, 1988.
Army Staff Identification Badge, from LTG Schwarzkopf for service in Office of Deputy Chief of Staff for Operations and Plans, Pentagon, 1987.
Meritorious Service Medal, U.S. Army, for leadership of instruction team, professional curriculum development, and course delivery, U.S. Army Engineer School, 1984-86.
Honor Graduate, The Air Assault School, U.S. Army, 1980.
A Body of Knowledge for Our Profession and Industry. Cleaning & Restoration. Restoration Industry Association. Washington, D.C.: February 2017.
Baroudi, B. & Rapp, R. (2016). Disaster restoration project management: Leadership education and methods. International Journal of Disaster Resilience in the Built Environment, 7(5), 12, 434-443. doi: 10.1108/IJDRBE-02-2015-0004.
Dyrenfurth, M. J., Newton, K. A., Springer, M. L., Johnson, M. E., Rapp, R. R. The Professional Doctorate for Engineering & Technology Profession.
Rapp, R. R, & Benhart, B. L. (Eds.). (2015). Construction site planning and logistical operations: Site-focused management for builders. W. Lafayette, IN: Purdue University Press.
Rapp, R. R. & Baroudi, B. (2014). Leadership success within disaster restoration projects. Journal of Emergency Management, 12(1), 75-81. doi: 10.5055/jem.2014.0163.
Baroudi, B. and Rapp, R. Stakeholder management in disaster restoration projects. International Journal of Disaster Resilience in the Built Environment, 5(2), 182-193. doi: 10.1108/IJDRBE-07-2012-0021.
Rapp, R. R. & Harland, W. K. (Eds.). (2014). Proceedings of the 10th international conference of the Institute for Infrastructure Resilience and Reconstruction (I3R2): Collaboration for effective disaster mitigation and response. W. Lafayette, IN: Purdue Scholarly Publishing Services.
First Responder/Private Industry Collaboration to Advance Disaster Response. In Proceedings of the 10th International Conference of the Institute for Infrastructure Resilience and Reconstruction (I3R2), May 20-22, 2014. Co-author with Mark Shaurette and Tom Stahr.
Mentoring Key Project Managers for Executive Management, invited presentation to US and international professionals of Restoration Industry Association at the annual conference, April 2014.
Construction Site Planning and Logistical Operations: Site-Focused Management for Builders. Co-editor with Bradley Benhart. (ISBN 978-1-55753-646-4). Purdue University Press, 2015.
Leadership Success within Disaster Restoration Projects. In Journal of Emergency Management 12(1), 75-81. Lead author with Bassam Baroudi, University of South Australia (City East).
Stakeholder Management in Disaster Restoration Projects. Accepted for publication in International Journal of Disaster Resilience in the Built Environment. Co-author with Bassam Baroudi, University of South Australia (City East).
Disaster Recovery Project Management Lessons Learned Under Military Contract: Hurricanes Katrina and Wilma. To 9th conference of the International Institute for Infrastructure Renewal and Reconstruction, Brisbane, Australia, 2013. Lead author with Bassam Baroudi, University of South Australia (City East).
What Makes A Leader? Article excerpted with permission from ICCREM by Cleaning & Restoration magazine of the Restoration Industry Association. January 2013: 50(1). Lead author with Bassam Baroudi, University of South Australia (City East).
Disaster Restoration Projects: A Conceptual Project Management Perspective. Paper published by 6th International Conference and Workshop on the Built Environment in Developing Countries (ICBEDC), Adelaide, South Australia, December 2012. Co-author with Bassam Baroudi, University of South Australia (City East). Rated in the top nine of more than 85 papers.
Traits and Core Values Most Demanded for Disaster Restoration Project Leadership Success. Paper presented to International Conference on Construction and Real Estate Management, Kansas City, 2012. Lead author with Bassam Baroudi, University of South Australia (City East).
Construction Due Diligence in Different Project Delivery Systems. Co-authored paper presented by lead author Jing Pan to International Conference on Construction and Real Estate Management, Kansas City, October 2012. Co-authors included Robert F. Cox.
Panic Rooms and Restoration of Damaged Housing.
In A. T. Carswell, Encyclopedia of Housing (2nd ed., ISBN 978-1-41298-957-2). Sage Publications, 2012.
Recovery Planning for Critical Pandemic-Associated Built Infrastructure. In J. E. Dietz and D. Black (Eds.), Pandemic Planning (pp. 259-283, ISBN 978-1-43985-765-6). CRC Press, 2012.
Disaster Recovery Project Management: Bringing Order from Chaos (ISBN 978-1-55753-588-7). Published in July 2011 by Purdue University Press.
Restorative Drying Improves Building Resilience. Paper presented to the 7th conference of the International Institute for Infrastructure Renewal and Reconstruction, Sri Lanka, 2011. Lead author with Bassam Baroudi, University of South Australia (City East).
A Project Management Approach to Disaster Response and Reconstruction Operations. Paper for the Australasian Universities Building Education Association (AUBEA), April 2011. Co-author with Bassam Baroudi, University of South Australia (City East).
Disaster Recovery Project Controls. Invited presentation to Indiana Hoosier section of AACE-International, March 2011.
Construction Inspection of Public Works. Two-day professional seminar for University of Washington TRANSPEED, delivered six times, 2005-2010.
Disaster Restoration Professional Body of Knowledge. In International Journal of Construction Education and Research, vol. 6, no. 3, July 2010, pp. 202-218. Jing Pan, co-author.
Project Controls for Disaster Restoration and Reconstruction and Planning for Post-Disaster Project Controls. Panel discussions at AACE International Annual Meeting, Atlanta, June 30, 2010. (Ranked #1 of 89 sessions for attendee responses to “Would you attend a presentation by this speaker again?”) Co-creator and panel member with E. E. (Ted) Douglas.
Project Controls for Disaster Recovery. Peer-reviewed paper for disaster recovery panel discussions, Transactions of the 54th Annual Meeting of AACE International, at Atlanta, June 2010. Ted Douglas, co-author.
Some Observations and Lessons Learned; Katrina, Wilma, and Iraq. Paper presented by Prof. Bryan Hubbard to the International Council for Building (CIB), The Lowry, Salford Quays, United Kingdom, May 2010. Professors Jeffrey Lew and Bryan Hubbard, co-authors.
Complex Urgency: Recovering from Katrina and Wilma. Technical article, blind peer-reviewed in Cost Engineering journal (AACE-I), December 2009.
Hurricanes and Oil: Adventures in Paradise? Invited by Military Officer Association of America (MOAA), Lafayette Chapter, to present information about experiences with hurricane and oil infrastructure recovery at their monthly meeting, December 2009.
Disaster and Reconstruction--Experiences with Hurricanes and the Iraqi Oil Program. Invited by Wabash Area Lifetime Learning Association (WALLA) for upcoming Infrastructure Series presentation during November 2009.
Developing and Maintaining Trust between Contractual Parties for Disaster Restoration and Reconstruction. Presented to the International Conference on Construction and Real Estate Management (ICCREM), Central University of Finance and Economics, Beijing, November 2009.
Results from Survey of Membership for Certified Restorer Body of Knowledge. Invited presentation and handout to deliver results of partnership research with doctoral student, Jing Pan, to Restoration Industry Association Fall Conference, St. Louis, October 2009.
Disaster Restoration and Reconstruction Management Moves Ahead at Purdue. Co-author with Dr. Robert Cox in Restoration & Remediation industry magazine, September-October 2009.
Disaster Restoration and Reconstruction at Purdue: An Initiative to Enhance Professionalism and Deliver a Sustainable Competitive Advantage. Presentation invited by the National Disaster Reconstruction Conference, New Orleans, June 2009.
Some Lessons Learned: Katrina, Wilma, and Iraq. Presentation invited by Connections Conference, Clearwater, Florida, May 2009.
Master of Science Degree Program in Portfolio and Program Management. Peer-reviewed paper and presentation to the 45th Annual Conference of the Associated Schools of Construction at University of Florida, April 2009.
Disaster Restoration and Reconstruction Management: On the Gulf Coast, in Iraq, and at Purdue. Presentation invited by the St. Louis section of AACE International, March 2009.
Disaster Restoration and Reconstruction Management at Purdue: A New Concentration for the Building Construction Management Degree. With Dr. Robert Cox, presentation invited by the Restoration Industry Association Fall Conference, November 2008.
Complex Urgency: Recovering from Katrina and Wilma. Peer-reviewed paper and presentation, Transactions of the 52nd Annual Meeting of AACE International, at Toronto, Canada, July 2008.
Recommended Practice (RP) 15R-81, Profitability Methods. Explains the most common methods by which industry forecasts profitability, July 2008.
Enhancing Professionalism in Construction Project Controls. Peer-reviewed paper and presentation, International Proceedings of the 44th Annual Conference of the Associated Schools of Construction, at Auburn University, April 2008.
Construction Inspection of Public Works Projects. University of Washington, TRANSPEED, May 2005; March May, and October 2008; May 2009; May 2010.
Estimating and Bidding: Costing and Pricing the Work. Revision of Chapter 16 in Financial Management and Accounting for the Construction Industry, Matthew Bender and Co., February 2008.
The Utility of a Civil Engineering Education. Keynote address for Scholarship Dinner, SE Wisconsin Branch, ASCE, January 2008.
Portfolio and Program Management. Professional Practice Guide (PPG) #14 editor, for AACE International, October 2007.
Certification and Technical Initiatives of AACE International. Presentation invited by the Chicago Section of AACE International, September 2007.
Introduction to Engineering Construction Inspection (ISBN 0-471-20167-7). Co-author with Edward Fisk, published in 2004 by John Wiley & Sons.
Construction Management at Milwaukee School of Engineering. Presentation invited by Chicago CMAA, April 2004.
Public Works Construction Project Management. Two-day professional seminar for University of Washington TRANSPEED, delivered twice, 2004-05.
Grooming Project Managers for Company Leadership. Executive management improvement peer-reviewed technical paper in Cost Engineering journal (AACE-I), May 2004.
Construction Cost Engineering. Two-day seminar delivered to professionals seeking more knowledge of construction cost engineering from ASCE, April and October 2004.
Business and Program Planning. Professional Practice Guide (PPG) #14 editor, for AACE-I, November 2002.
Comparison of Project Manager and Top Manager Perceptions of Emerging Executive Knowledge Required in Construction Firms. Disquisition (dissertation) defended in partial fulfillment of requirements for the degree of Doctor of Management, Webster University, August 2002.
Easy(?) Decision-making. Overview of techniques and concerns by which to improve decision-making at the construction project level. Article in Cost Engineering journal (AACE-I), August 2002.
Foundations for Enhancing Competency in Cost Engineering. Two-day and four-day seminars delivered to professionals seeking more knowledge of cost engineering, with view to taking the AACE-I certification examination for cost engineers, eight times, 2002-05.
Evolution, Not Revolution. Analysis of Nashville District, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, conversion of project offices from functional to area wide, market driven structure. Published as refereed paper in Journal of Management in Engineering, ASCE, July 2001.
Business Strategy: Ideas for Construction Masters Degrees. Adaptation of strategic perspectives construction master’s degree program curricula to allow instruction to transcend the baccalaureate project management focus. Published in Journal of Leadership and Management in Engineering, ASCE, April 2001. Orally presented to faculty attending Associated Schools of Construction regional meeting, November 2000.
Interest Rates, the Dow Jones Industrial Average, and Net Income: Their Effect on Financing Large Construction Firms. A research project and paper submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the Doctor of Management degree, May 1997.
Labor Foremen Preparedness Half-Day Seminars: Construction Contracts and Contract Drawings. Delivered under auspices of SIUE Labor and Management Programs Office, each February 1996-2000.
Maintenance Management Concepts in Construction Equipment Curricula. Lead author, published in Journal of Construction Education, Vol. II, No. 2 (Summer 1998) and orally presented at annual meeting of the Associated Schools of Construction, April 1997.
Pricing Competitively Bid Construction Projects. Featured Article (peer reviewed) in Cost Engineering journal (AACE I), November 1997.
Examination of the Program Curriculum of the Department of Construction in the School of Engineering at Southern Illinois University—Edwardsville. A research proposal submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the Doctor of Management degree, October 1997.
Construction Program of Nashville District, Army Corps of Engineers. Presentation to Southeast Regional Meeting of Associated General Contractors, February 1993.
Construction in Turkey: the NATO Petroleum Pipeline System. Presentation to the Nashville Post of the Society of American Military Engineers, January 1993.
Construction Program of Nashville District, Army Corps of Engineers. Presentation to the Huntsville, AL, Post of the Society of American Military Engineers, November 1992.
Recommended Enhancements of the NATO Infrastructure Program in Turkey. Presentation to the NATO Infrastructure Conference, Izmir, Turkey, April 1992.
Congressional Record (various passages relating to optimization of equipment system integration). Also prepared narratives and compilations about equipment systems for Army general officer briefings to students of the Army War College and members of the Tampa Bay Chapter of the Association of the U.S. Army, 1987.
Engineer Officer Advanced Course: Making the Army's Best Better! (enhancements of post baccalaureate managerial and technical instruction for Army Engineer captains).
Explosives Logistics and Graded Filter Drainage (professional development problems) for Engineer Magazine, 1985 87.
Team Leader Handbook (a 20 page guide for newly assigned Army Engineer School Team Leaders about what they should be, know, and do to be effective in their teaching/coaching duties). Also served as an Army Engineer School faculty reviewer for these Army Field Manuals:
• FM 5 335, Drainage, 1985
• FM 5 541, Military Soils Engineering, 1986
• FM 5 742, Concrete and Masonry, 1985
Design and Construction with Geotextiles. Literature review project in partial fulfillment of requirements for M.S.C.E., as a graduate student, University of Missouri Rolla, 1983.
Member (honorary), Board of Directors, Institute for Inspection, Cleaning, and Restoration Certification.
Member, Education Board, Restoration Industry Association.
Member, 2011-2014, of Restoration Industry Association Certified Restorer® Redevelopment Committee of nine selected professionals, who develop a comprehensive body of knowledge for which Certified Restorers must demonstrate proficiency.
Member, since 2013, of National Demolition Association Disaster Response Committee.
Ongoing authorship of Estimating and Bidding chapter of Construction Financial Management Association's Financial Management and Accounting for the Construction Industry.
Faculty advisor to student organizations:
• Restoration Industry Association.
• Trap and Skeet Club.
Since 1989, specially requested (public sector) or formally hired (private sector) to analyze and propose solutions for civil engineering and organizational problems or serve as expert witness involving soils, explosive excavation, maintenance management, the Americans with Disabilities Act, subcontractor bidding procedures, federal contracting procedures, and construction costs. Deposed the construction cost and subcontractor bidding cases. Testified in an ADA case.
Delivered repeated two-day and four-day professional seminars about construction cost engineering, construction project administration, and construction inspection, 2002-08. Provided multiple construction cost and contracting seminars to homebuilding firm to improve their performance, 2002.
Prior to their publication, reviewed textbooks for Wiley & Sons, Prentice-Hall, and CRC about construction contracting, construction cost estimating, construction equipment, construction project management, and construction productivity. Reviewed construction cost data manual for AACE-I after its publication.
Association for the Advancement of Cost Engineering International (AACE I), member since 1995; certified in 1997. Past member, Cost Engineering Advisory Group (CEAG). Past member, Technical Board. Assorted international committee memberships, including Chair, Business and Program Planning, Economic and Financial Analysis Committee; Technical Director for Professional Practice Guides and the Cost Engineers Notebook; General Construction Committee.
American Institute of Constructors, national member 2001-2013 and Wisconsin Chapter member, 1999-2005. Served as chapter director, 2001-04.
Construction Financial Management Association (CFMA), member 1997-2000, 2002. Publications Committee member 1998-2000.
Sigma Lambda Chi (national construction honor society) faculty member 1996-2005, 2008-present. Chapter advisor, 2000-04, 2008-10.
American Society of Civil Engineers, member since 1985. Served on Architectural Engineering Examination Committee, 2003-04.
Order of the Engineer, member since 2001. Primary coordinator for the induction ceremonies at Milwaukee School of Engineering, 2001-05.
Society of American Military Engineers (SAME), member 1975-2005. Served as Vice President and Programs Chairman, Nashville Post, 1992-94. Served as Director, Nashville Post, 1993 95. Served as Co Host, later as Operations Committee Chair, 1992 94, for the 1994 National Conference; as Chair, Investment Committee; and as a Director, Nashville SAME Scholarship Corporation, 1994 95.
Federal Executive Association of Middle Tennessee, Vice-President, 1992-95.