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US Patents

       1          Nawrocki, R.A., Fan, J., Newell, B., Garcia-Bravo, J.M., Piezoelectric sensors and methods and apparatuses for producing piezoelectric sensors, US Patent App. 18/336,5672023
  2 Nawrocki, R.A., Fan, J., Newell, B., Garcia-Bravo, J.M., Capacitive sensors and methods and apparatuses for producing capacitive sensorsUS Patent App. 18/336,191, 2023





32 Simons, K., Vyshniakova, K., Nawrocki, R.A., El-Shahat, A., Newell, B., The Effects of Electroplating on the Mechanical Properties of Additively Manufactured Structures, ASME 2023 Conference on Smart Materials, Adaptive Structures and Intelligent Systems (SMASIS)doi: 10.1115/SMASIS2023-1109332023
31 Mirshojaeian Hosseini, M.J., Yang, Y., Kruger, W., Yokota, T., Lee, S., Someya, T., Nawrocki, R.A., 270 nm ultra-thin self-adhesive conformable and long-term air-stable complimentary organic transistors and amplifiers​, npj Flexible Electronicsdoi: 10.1038/s41528-023-00267-y2023
30 Yang, Y., Bartolozzi, C., Zhang. H.H., Nawrocki, R.A., Neuromorphic electronics for robotic perception, navigation and control: A surveyEngineering Applications of Artificial Intelligencedoi: 10.1016/j.engappai.2023.1068382023
29 Kaur, U., Malacco, V.M.R., Bai, H., Price, T.P., Datta, A., Xin, L., Sen, S.,  Nawrocki, R.A., Chiu, G., Sundaram, S., Min, B.C., Daniels, K.M., White, R.R., Donkin, S.S., Brito, R.F., Voyles R.M., Invited Review: Integration of Technologies and Systems for Precision Animal Agriculture – A Case Study on Precision Dairy FarmingJournal of Animal Sciencedoi: 10.1109/TCSI.2022.32261632023
28 Yang, Y., Mirshojaeian Hosseini, M.J., Kruger, W., Nawrocki, R.A., Modular Modeling of Analog Organic Neuromorphic Circuits: Toward Prototyping of Hardware-Level Spiking Neural NetworksIEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems I: Regular Papersdoi: 10.1109/TCSI.2022.32261632022
27 Fan, J., Deneke, N., Xu, S.,Newell, B., Garcia, J., Davis, C., Wu, W., Voyles, R.M., Nawrocki, R.A., Electric Poling-assisted Additive Manufacturing Technique for Piezoelectric Active Poly(vinylidene fluoride) Films: Towards Fully Three-dimensional Printed Functional MaterialsAdditive Manufacturingdoi: 10.1016/j.addma.2022.1032482022
26 Mirshojaeian Hosseini, M.J., Yang, Y., Prendergast, A.J., Donati, E., Faezipour, M., Indiveri, G., Nawrocki, R.A., An organic synaptic circuit: towards flexible and biocompatible organic neuromorphic processingNeuromorphic Computing and Engineeringdoi: 10.1088/2634-4386/ac830c2022
25 Prendergast, A. J., Mirshojaeian Hosseini, M.J., Nawrocki, R. A., Faezipour, M., Real-Time Generation of Hyperbolic Neuronal Spiking Patterns2022 44th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine & Biology Society (EMBC)doi: 10.1109/EMBC48229.2022.98709152022.
24 Bai, H., Yang, Y., Voyles, R.M., Nawrocki, R.A., No hysteresis TIPS-pentacene:polystyrene Blend-based Organic Field Effect Transistor by Extruded Direct Ink Writing and the Application in Resistive Load Inverter CircuitJournal of Materials Chemistry Cdoi: 10.1039/D2TC00948J2022
23 Fan, J., Newell, B., Garcia, J., Voyles, R.M., Nawrocki, R.A., et al., Effect Of Additive Manufacturing On β -Phase Poly(vinylidene fluoride) Based Capacitive Temperature SensorsAdvanced Engineering Materialsdoi: 10.1002/adem.2022004852022
22 Han, C.S., Kaur, U., Bai, H., dos Reis, R.R., White, R., Nawrocki, R.A., Voyles, R.M., Kang, M.G., Priya, S., Invited review: Sensor technologies for real-time monitoring of the rumen environmentJournal of Dairy Sciencedoi: 10.3168/jds.2021-205762022
21 Gonzalez, D., Garcia, J., Voyles, R.M., Nawrocki, R.A., Newell, B., Characterization of 3D printed pneumatic soft actuatorSensors and Actuators A: Physicaldoi: 10.1016/j.sna.2021.1133372022
20 Mirshojaeian Hosseini, M.J., Donati, E., Indiveri, G., Nawrocki, R.A., Organic Log-Domain Integrator SynapseAdvanced Electronic Materialsdoi: 10.1002/aelm.2021007242022
19 Mirshojaeian Hosseini, M.J., and Nawrocki, R.A., A Review of the Progress of Thin-Film Transistors and Their Technologies for Flexible ElectronicsMicromachinesdoi: 10.3390/mi120606552021
18 Yang, Y., Nawrocki, R.A., et al., A Fractional Drift Diffusion Model for Organic Semiconductor Devices, CMC-Computers Materials & Continuadoi: 10.32604/cmc.2021.017439, 2021
17 Yang, Y., Nawrocki, R.A., et al., Modeling of the electrical characteristics of an organic field effect transistor in presence of the bending effects, Organic Electronicsdoi: 10.1016/j.orgel.2020.1060002020
16 Mirshojaeian Hosseini, M.J., Nawrocki, R.A., et al., Organic Electronics Axon-Hillock Neuromoprhic Circuit: Towards Biologically Compatible, And Physically Flexible Integrate-And-Fire Spiking Neural NetworksJournal of Physics D: Applied Physicsdoi: 10.1088/1361-6463/abc5852020
15 Yang, Y., Nawrocki, R.A., et al., Modeling of an Internal Stress and Strain Distribution of an Inverted Staggered Thin-Film Transistor Based on Two-Dimensional Mass-Spring-Damper Structure, Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciencesdoi: 10.32604/cmes.2020.0101652020
14 Bai, H., Nawrocki, R.A., et al., Impedimetric, PEDOT:PSS-based Organic ElectroChemical Sensor for Detection of Histamine for Precision Animal Agriculture, IEEE Sensors Lettersdoi: 10.1109/LSENS.2020.30251622020
13 Delbruck, T., Nawrocki, R.A., et al., Lessons Learned the Hard Way2020 IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems (ISCAS)doi: 10.1109/ISCAS45731.2020.91809832020
12 Nawrocki, R.A., Super- and ultra-thin organic field effect transistors: from flexibility to super- and ultra-flexibility​, Advanced Functional Materials, doi: 10.1002/adfm.201906908, 2019

Pavlica, E., Pastukhova, N., Nawrocki, R.A., Ciesielski, A., Tkachuk, V., Samori, P., Bratina, G., Enhancement of Charge Transport in Polythiophene Semiconducting Polymer by Blending with Graphene NanoparticlesChemPlusChemdoi: 10.1002/cplu.2019002192019


Nawrocki, R.A., Hanbit, J., Lee, S., Yokota, T., Sekino, M., Someya, T., Self-Adhesive and Ultra-Conformable Sub 300-nm Dry Thin-Film Electrodes for Surface Monitoring of Biopotentials, Advanced Functional Materials, doi: 10.1002/adfm.201803279, 2018

9 Balakuntala, M.V., Ayad, M., Voyles, R.M., White, R., Nawrocki, R.A., Sundaram, S., Priya, S., Chiu, G., Donkin, S., Min, B-C., Daniels, K., Global Sustainability Through Closed-Loop Precision Animal Agriculture, Mechanical Engineering Magazine, doi: 10.1115/1.2018-Jun-7, 2018
8 Nawrocki, R.A., Voyles, R.M., Shaheen, S.E., A Mini-Review of Neuromorphic Architectures and Implementations, IEEE Transactions on Electron Devicesdoi: 10.1109/ted.2016.2598413, 2016
7 Lee, S., Reuveny, A., Matsuhisa, N., Nawrocki, R.A., N., Yokota, T., Someya, T., Enhancement of Closed-Loop Gain of Organic Amplifiers Using Double Gate Structures, IEEE Electron Device Lettersdoi: 10.1109/led.2016.2554159, 2016
6 Nawrocki, R.A., Matsuhisa, N., Yokota, T., Someya, T., 300-nm Imperceptible, Ultraflexible, and Biocompatible e-Skin Fit with Tactile Sensors and Organic Transistors, Advanced Electronic Materialsdoi: 10.1002/aelm.201500452, 2016
5 Nawrocki, R.A., Pavlica, E., Ćelić, N., Orlov, D., Mihailović, D., Bratina, G., Fabrication of Poly(3-hexylthiophene) Nanowires for High-Mobility Transistors, Organic Electronicsdoi: 10.1016/j.orgel.2015.11.038, 2016
4 Nawrocki, R.A., Voyles, R.M., Shaheen, S.E., Neurons in Polymer: Hardware Neural Unites based on Polymer Memristive Devices and Transistors, IEEE Transactions on Electron Devicesdoi: 10.1109/ted.2014.2346700, 2014
3 Nawrocki, R.A., Galiger, E.M., Bailey, B.A., Ostrowski, D., Jiang, X., Voyles, R.M., Kopidakis, N., Olson, D.C., Shaheen, S.E., An Inverted, Organic WORM Device Based on PEDOT:PSS with Very Low Turn-On Voltage, Organic Electronicsdoi: 10.1016/j.orgel.2014.05.003, 2014
2 Cui, Y., Voyles, R.M., Nawrocki, R.A., Jiang, G., The Morphing Bus: A New Paradigm in Peripheral Interconnect Bus, IEEE Transactions on Components, Packaging and Manufacturing Technologydoi: 10.1109/tcpmt.2013.2273663, 2013
1 Nawrocki, R.A., Shalaan, M., Shaheen, S. E., Lorenzon, N.M., Monitoring Performance Degradation of Cerebellar Functions Using Computational Neuroscience Methods: Implications on Neurological Diseases, Public Library of Science (PLoS)doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0045581, 2012


Book chapters

       1          Nawrocki, R.A., Voyles, R.M., Shaheen, S.E., Polymer and Nanoparticle-Composite Bistable Devices: Physics of Operation and Initial Applications, Advances in Neuromorphic Memristor Science and Applicationsdoi: 10.1007/978-94-007-4491-2_15, 2012




22 Fan, J., Newell, B., Garcia, J., Voyles, R.M., Nawrocki, R.A., Contact-Poling Enhanced, Fully 3D Printed PVdF Pressure Sensors: Towards 3D Printed Functional Materials, ASME 2021 Conference on Smart Materials, Adaptive Structures and Intelligent Systems, doi: 10.1115/SMASIS2021-67832, 2021
21 Yang, Y., Bai, H., Nawrocki, R.A., Voyles, R.M., Zhang, H.H., Fractional Drift-Diffusion Model of Organic Field Effect Transistors Including Effects of Bending Stress for Smart Materials, ASME 2021 Conference on Smart Materials, Adaptive Structures and Intelligent Systems, doi: 10.1115/SMASIS2021-68344, 2021
20 Vyshniakova, K., Bai, H., Rocha Malacco, V.M., Pavlica, E., Voyles, R.M., Donkin, S.S., Gehman, A., Nawrocki, R.A., Electrochemical ZnO-Based Sensor for Aqueous Ammonia Detection for Precision Animal Agriculture, ElectroChemical Society (ECS), doi: 10.1149/MA2021-01571541mtgabs, 2021
19 Bai, H., Vyshniakova, K., Pavlica, E., Rocha Malacco, V.M., Yiannikouris, A., Yerramreddy, T., Voyles, R.M., Donkin, S.S., Nawrocki, R.A., Impedimetric Detection of Histamine Using PEDOT:PSS-Based Organic Electrochemical Sensor for Precision Animal Agriculture, ElectroChemical Society (ECS), doi: 10.1149/MA2021-01321047mtgabs, 2021
18 Fan, J., Gonzalez, D., Garcia, J., Newell, B., Nawrocki, R.A., The effects of additive manufacturing and poling techniques on PVdF thin films: Towards 3D printed functional materials, The ASME 2020 Conference on Smart Materials, Adaptive Structures and Intelligent Systems (SMASIS), doi: 10.1115/SMASIS2020-2245, 2020
17 Gonzalez, D., Garcia, J., Ducharne, B., Voyles, R., Nawrocki, R.A., Newell, B., 3D Printed of Flexible Sensing ActuatorsThe ASME 2020 Conference on Smart Materials, Adaptive Structures and Intelligent Systems (SMASIS), doi: 10.1115/SMASIS2020-22392020
16 Mamer, T., Garcia, J., Leon-Salas, W.D., Voyles, R.M., Nawrocki, R.A., Yokota, T., Someya, T., Ducharne, B., Newell, B.,
Production of 3D Printed Flexible Strain SensorsThe ASME 2020 Conference on Smart Materials, Adaptive Structures and Intelligent Systems (SMASIS), doi: 10.1115/SMASIS2020-22352020
15 Bai, H., Vyshniakova, K., Pavlica, E., Yiannikouris, A., Yerramreddy, T.R., Voyles, R.M., Nawrocki, R.A., Organic Electrochemical, PEDOT:PSS-Based Impedimetric Histamine Sensor237th ECS Meeting with the 18th International Meeting on Chemical Sensors, 2020
14 Aghamohammadi, N.R., Nawrocki, R.A., Voyles, R.M., Ayad, M., Kusuma, D., Designer Polymers: Additive Manufacturing of Smart Materials as a Complement to Injection MoldingSPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition2019
13 Ayad, M., Nawrocki, R.A., Voyles, R.M., Lee, J., Lee, H., Leon-Salas, W.D., Nucleos: Toward Rapid-Prototyping of Robotic Materials That Can Sense, Think And ActASME 2018 Conference on Smart Materials, Adaptive Structures and Intelligent Systems (SMASIS)SMASIS 2018-8245, doi:10.1115/SMASIS2018-82452018
12 Sheregar, D., Hung, V., Walker, J., Hoilett, O., Linnes, J., Nawrocki, R.A., Thin Film Cocaine Sensors, The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium,, 2018


Zhang, H.H., Nawrocki, R.A., Li, Q., On Basics and Applications of Multidisciplinary Engineering and Technology EducationCEAD, ISBN-13: 978-613-9-93799-8, 2018

10 Nawrocki, R.A., Lee, S., Matsuhisa, N., Yokota, T., Someya, T., 300 nm High Gain Multi Stage Organic CMOS Inverters, International Conference on Solid State Devices and Materialsdoi: 10.7567/SSDM.2016.F-1-03, 2016


Nawrocki, R.A., Frutiger, D. R., Voyles, R.M., Nelson, B. J., Wireless Electrical Power to Sub-millimeter Robots, IEEE International Conference on Intelligent Robotics and Automationdoi: 10.1007/978-3-642-33515-0_31, 2012

8 Nawrocki, R.A., Yang, X., Shaheen, S.E., Voyles, R.M., Structured Computational Polymers for a Soft Robot: Actuation and Cognition, IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automationdoi: 10.1109/icra.2011.5980122, 2011
7 Nawrocki, R.A., Shaheen, S.E., Voyles, R.M., A Neuromorphic Architecture from Single Transistor Neurons With Organic Bistable Devices for Weights, IEEE International Joint Conference on Neural Networksdoi: 10.1109/ijcnn.2011.6033256, 2011
6 Nawrocki, R.A., Voyles, R.M., Artificial Neural Network Performance Degradation Under Network Damage: Stuck-At Faults, IEEE International Joint Conference on Neural Networks, doi: 10.1109/ijcnn.2011.6033255, 2011
5 Nawrocki, R.A., Voyles, R.M., Shaheen, S.E., Structured Computational Polymers for Safety, Security, and Rescue Robotics, IEEE International Symposium on Safety, Security and Rescue Robotsdoi: 10.1109/ssrr.2011.6106800, 2011
4 Nawrocki, R.A., Voyles, R.M., Shaheen, S.E., Simulating Hardware Neural Networks with Organic Memristors and Organic Field Effect Transistors, Artificial Neural Networks In Engineeringdoi: 10.1115/1.859599.paper59, 2010
3 Nawrocki, R.A., Voyles, R.M., Shalaan, M., Monitoring Artificial Neural Network Performance Degradation Under Network Damage, Artificial Neural Networks In Engineeringdoi: 10.1115/1.859599.paper13, 2010
2 Nawrocki, R.A., Shaheen, S.E., Yang, X., Voyles, R.M., Towards an All-Polymer Robot for Search and Rescue, IEEE International Symposium on Safety, Security and Rescue Roboticsdoi: 10.1109/ssrr.2009.5424154, 2009
1 Nawrocki, R.A., Abisaleh, D., Rojas-Cessa, R., Design and Implementation of Scheduling Algorithms for Input-Queued Packet Switches: an Undergraduate Senior Project Experience, Proceedings of the X Workshop, Iberchip, 2004